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Woburn, MA – November 1, 2022 – Kaspersky researchers have uncovered a previously unknown Android espionage campaign dubbed SandStrike. The actor targets a Persian-speaking religious minority, Baháʼí, by distributing a VPN app that contains highly sophisticated spyware. The finding is part of Kaspersky's latest quarterly threat intelligence summary.

During Q3, 2022, Kaspersky experts also discovered an advanced upgrade of DeathNote cluster and, together with SentinelOne, investigated never-seen-before Metatron malware. These, and other discoveries, are revealed in the quarterly report.

To lure victims into downloading spyware implants, the SandStrike adversaries set up Facebook and Instagram accounts with more than 1,000 followers and designed attractive religious-themed materials, setting up an effective trap for adherents of this belief. Most of these social media accounts contain a link to a Telegram channel also created by the attacker.

In this channel, the actor behind SandStrike distributed a seemingly harmless VPN application to access sites banned in certain regions, for example, religious-related materials. To make this application fully functional, adversaries also set up their own VPN infrastructure.

However, the VPN client contained fully-functioning spyware with capabilities allowing threat actors to collect and steal sensitive data, including call logs, contact lists, and also track any further activities of persecuted individuals.

Throughout the third quarter of 2022, APT actors were continuously changing their tactics, sharpening their toolsets and developing new techniques. The most significant findings included:

·       A new sophisticated malware platform targeting telecom companies, ISPs and universities

Together with SentinelOne, Kaspersky researchers analyzed a never-seen-before sophisticated malware platform dubbed Metatron. Metatron primarily targets telecommunications, internet service providers, and universities in Middle Eastern and African countries. Metatron is designed to bypass native security solutions while deploying malware platforms directly into memory.  

·       The upgrade of advanced and sophisticated tools

Kaspersky experts observed Lazarus use the DeathNote cluster against victims in South Korea. The actor possibly used a strategic web compromise, employing an infection chain similar to that which Kaspersky researchers have previously reported, attacking an endpoint security program. However, experts discovered that the malware and infection schemes have also been updated. The actor used malware that hadn’t been seen before, with minimal functionality to execute commands from the C2 server. Using this implanted backdoor, the operator lay hidden in the victim’s environment for a month and collected system information.

·       Cyber espionage continues to be a prime goal of APT campaigns

In the third quarter of 2022, Kaspersky researchers detected numerous APT campaigns targeting governmental institutions. The recent investigations found that this year, from February onward, HotCousin has attempted to compromise foreign affairs ministries in Europe, Asia, Africa and South America.

“As we can see from the analysis of the last three months, APT actors are now strenuously used to create attack tools and improve old ones to launch new malicious campaigns,” said Victor Chebyshev, lead security researcher at Kaspersky’s GReAT. “In their attacks, they use cunning and unexpected methods: SandStrike, attacking users via VPN service, where victims tried to find protection and security, is an excellent example. Today it is easy to distribute malware via social networks and remain undetected for several months or even more. This is why it is so important to be as alert as ever and make sure you are armed with threat intelligence and the right tools to protect from existing and emerging threats.”

To read the full APT Q3 2022 trends report, please visit

In order to avoid falling victim to a targeted attack by a known or unknown threat actor, Kaspersky researchers recommend implementing the following measures:

  • Provide your SOC team with access to the latest threat intelligence (TI). The Kaspersky Threat Intelligence Portal is a single point of access for the company’s TI, providing cyberattack data and insights gathered by Kaspersky over the past 20 years. To help businesses enable effective defenses in these turbulent times, Kaspersky announced free access to independent, continuously updated and globally sourced information on ongoing cyberattacks and threats. Request access online.
  • Upskill your cybersecurity team to enable them to tackle the latest targeted threats with Kaspersky online training developed by GReAT experts. 
  • Use an enterprise-grade EDR solution such as Kaspersky EDR Expert. It detects threats among a sea of scattered alerts, thanks to automatic merging of alerts into incidents, allowing you to analyze and respond to an incident in the most effective way.  
  • In addition to adopting essential endpoint protection, implement a corporate-grade security solution that detects advanced threats on the network level at an early stage, such as Kaspersky Anti Targeted Attack Platform.
  • As many targeted attacks start with social engineering techniques, such as phishing, introduce security awareness training and teach practical skills to your team, using tools such as the Kaspersky Automated Security Awareness Platform.

About Kaspersky

Kaspersky is a global cybersecurity and digital privacy company founded in 1997. Kaspersky’s deep threat intelligence and security expertise is constantly transforming into innovative security solutions and services to protect businesses, critical infrastructure, governments and consumers around the globe. The company’s comprehensive security portfolio includes leading endpoint protection and a number of specialized security solutions and services to fight sophisticated and evolving digital threats. Over 400 million users are protected by Kaspersky technologies and we help 240,000 corporate clients protect what matters most to them. Learn more

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New SandStrike spyware targets Android users with booby-trapped VPN application

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