Woburn, MA – January 27, 2021 – Today Kaspersky announced new upgrades to the openly available TinyCheck stalkerware detection tool. Initially developed for service organizations working with victims of domestic violence, TinyCheck now offers the ability to uncover all types of geo-tracking apps.
In December 2020, Apple and Google prohibited any apps in their stores using X-Mode’s technology that secretly enables tracking and selling of location data. Several months prior to the tech companies’ decision, Kaspersky’s Global Research and Analysis Team (GReAT) director, Costin Raiu, started to analyze such apps after he had seen a visualization that identified people’s movements using their GPS data made available by X-Mode.
Raiu found more than 240 distinct apps with X-Mode’s tracking technology. Altogether, those apps had been installed more than 500 million times. Such data collection becomes possible when developers embed a tracking software development kit (SDK) in their app. The problem is that it is impossible for a user to tell whether an app contains such location tracking components. The app may have a legitimate reason to ask for the user’s location, since many rely on location to function properly, but such an app might also sell the GPS data.
An app can also contain more than just one tracking SDK. For example, while Raiu was looking at an app that included the X-Mode SDK in question, he discovered five other components from other companies that were also collecting location data.
Making life harder for secret trackers
Stalkerware is software used to secretly spy on another person’s private life via smart device and also installed without the user’s knowledge. While often used to facilitate violence against an intimate partner, the software may also be used in other contexts. TinyCheck can now detect both stalkerware and tracking apps, but the tool can issue two different kinds of alert to the user.
Figure 1 A TinyCheck alert when stalkerware is detected.
Figure 2 A TinyCheck alert when geo-tracking apps are detected.
Figure 3 an excerpt of the TinyCheck report on any detected geo-tracking apps.
Using a regular Wi-Fi connection, TinyCheck scans a mobile device’s outgoing traffic and identifies interactions with known malicious sources. In order to make use of TinyCheck, a computer with a Raspberry Pi OS Buster is needed along with one of the following two options: either two Wi-Fi interfaces, one for connecting to the internet and one for your mobile’s connectivity (AP mode), or one Wi-Fi interface and an Ethernet connection for internet. In both cases, the best choice is a Raspberry Pi Model 3 or higher with a small touch screen.
Figure 4 A visualization of how TinyCheck works.
“Secret tracking of users and using their data without their knowledge should not happen for any reason,” Félix Aimé, a Kaspersky GReAT security researcher. “Having the combined list of indicators of compromise for mobile trackers and stalkerware integrated in TinyCheck, users are able to increase their privacy control. TinyCheck is therefore designed as an open source tool that is freely available to anyone, and one to which the security community can share and contribute their knowledge.”
In addition to using TinyCheck, there are a few tips to follow to lower the chances of being tracked by such apps and services, which involve limiting apps’ permissions:
To read about the TinyCheck installation process, please visit https://github.com/KasperskyLab/tinycheck#readme.
To see how TinyCheck works, please watch this video.
Kaspersky is a global cybersecurity company founded in 1997. Kaspersky’s deep threat intelligence and security expertise is constantly transforming into innovative security solutions and services to protect businesses, critical infrastructure, governments and consumers around the globe. The company’s comprehensive security portfolio includes leading endpoint protection and a number of specialized security solutions and services to fight sophisticated and evolving digital threats. Over 400 million users are protected by Kaspersky technologies and we help 250,000 corporate clients protect what matters most to them. Learn more at usa.kaspersky.com.
Sawyer Van Horn