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NIST Publishes Draft Hypervisor Security Guide

Threatpost for B2B - Wed, 10/22/2014 - 13:01
NIST this week published a draft document SP800-125a that makes recommendations for hypervisor security in virtualized environments based on architectural platform choices and configuration options.

PHP Patches Vulnerabilities, Including Remote Code Execution Flaw

Threatpost for B2B - Wed, 10/22/2014 - 12:33
Developers at PHP recently patched a bug that can lead to a heap-based buffer overflow and remote code execution.

Attackers Exploiting Windows OLE Zero Day Vulnerability

Threatpost for B2B - Wed, 10/22/2014 - 09:40
Attackers are using a zero day vulnerability in nearly all supported versions of Windows in a series of targeted attacks.

D.C.’s Complicated View of Cyberwar, Regulation, Liability

Threatpost for B2B - Tue, 10/21/2014 - 15:03
Former NSA general counsel Stewart Baker shared his insight on Washington's perceptions of cyberwar during his keynote address at the Cybersecurity Summit in Minneapolis.

FTC Hires Privacy Researcher Ashkan Soltani as Chief Technologist

Threatpost for B2B - Tue, 10/21/2014 - 12:44
The FTC has hired Ashkan Soltani, a highly regarded and respected technologist and privacy researcher, as its chief technologist. The move is the latest in a string of interesting hires by the Federal Trade Commission. In 2009 the agency hired Chris Soghoian, a privacy and security researcher, as its first in-house principal technologist. Soghoian had […]

Staples Looking into Potential Payment Card Breach

Threatpost for B2B - Tue, 10/21/2014 - 12:08
The office supply chain Staples is reportedly looking into a payment data card breach, potentially making it the latest in a long line of retail establishments to suffer a compromise over the last year.

Android NFC hack allow users to have free rides in public transportation

Secure List feed for B2B - Tue, 10/21/2014 - 11:39

"Tarjeta BIP!" is the electronic payment system used in Chile to pay for public transportation via NFC incorporated in the user's smartphone. Numerous projects enabling mobile NFC ticketing for public transportation have been already executed worldwide. This is a trend. It means that criminal minds should be interested in it. Moreover, they are.

More and more people keep talking about the feature of payments via NFC. The problem in this particular case is that somebody reversed the "Tarjeta BIP!" cards and found a means to re-charge them for free. So, on Oct. 16 the very first widely-available app for Android appeared, allowing users to load these transportation cards with 10k Chilean pesos, a sum  equal to approximately $17 USD.

MD5 (PuntoBIP.apk) = 06a676fd9b104fd12a25ee5bd1874176

Immediately after appearing on the Internet, many users downloaded it and proved they were able to recharge their travel cards. All they had to do is to install the mentioned app on a NFC capable Android device, to approach the travel card to the phone and then to push the button "Cargar 10k", which means "Refill the card with 10,000" Chilean pesos.

According to the metadata of the .dex file package, it was compiled on October 16, 2014 and it has 884.5 kB (884491 Byte) size. The feature it incorporates interacts directly with the NFC port: android.hardware.nfc

The app has four main features: "número BIP" - to get the number of the card, "saldo BIP" - to get the available balance, "Data carga" - to refill available balance and finally, maybe the most interesting is "cambiar número BIP" - allowing the user to change the card number altogether. Why would we say this last feature is the most interesting? Well, a source suggested the authorities were going to block fraudulently refilled BIP cards. However, as we can see, the app is able to change the BIP number.

Since the original links to download the app were taken down, new links appeared, now pointing to new servers and actually hosting a new app:

MD5 (PuntoBIP-Reloaded.apk) = 2c20d1823699ae9600dad9cd59e03021

This is a modified version of the previous app, compiled on the next business day Oct 17, 2014 and which is a lot bigger 2.7 MB (2711229 Byte). This includes an advertisement module which shows ads via the doubleclick network.

Since both apps allow users to hack a legitimate application, they are now detected by Kaspersky as HEUR:HackTool.AndroidOS.Stip.a

Since the app is a hot one and a lot of people from Chile are looking for it, I expect some bad guys to come along and create fake similar apps but trojanized to infect mobile users and take some advantage of their interest.

At the same time, it is important to mention that mobile payments are getting more and more popular. NFC is one of the most promising ports in this field. This is a good example of how fresh new payment schemes often present the same old problems.

Thanks to Roman Unuchek for his analytical insights.

You may follow me on twitter: @dimitribest

Google Adds Hardware Security Key For Account Protection

Threatpost for B2B - Tue, 10/21/2014 - 09:18
Google is introducing an improved two-factor authentication system for Gmail and its other services that uses a tiny hardware token that will only work on legitimate Google sites. The new Security Key system is meant to help defeat attacks that rely on highly plausible fake sites that are designed to capture users’ credentials. Attackers often go […]

Obama Executive Order Forces Chip & Pin Payment on Government

Threatpost for B2B - Mon, 10/20/2014 - 14:59
The Obama administration has issued an executive order aimed at speeding up the adoption of chip and PIN or EMV payment systems here in the United States.

EFF, Snowden Dispute FBI Claims on Device Encryption

Threatpost for B2B - Mon, 10/20/2014 - 12:42
The FBI has long said that the use of strong encryption software hampers the bureau’s investigations and makes life easier for criminals. Current FBI Director James Comey continued this line of reasoning in a speech on Oct. 17, saying that the use of crypto could lead the country to a dark place, and the EFF […]

Privacy Criticism Hits OSX Yosemite over Location Data

Threatpost for B2B - Mon, 10/20/2014 - 09:24
Apple has fixed a huge number of security vulnerabilities in OS X and iTunes and, at the same time, is being hit with criticisms about privacy issues in the new version of OS X. The latest version of the operating system, known as Yosemite, sends location information to Apple by default via the Spotlight search […]

Microsoft Selective with FASTFAT Driver Patch Deployments

Threatpost for B2B - Fri, 10/17/2014 - 13:20
Microsoft, in 2009, silently fixed a FASTFAT driver flaw in Windows 7, leaving the same vulnerability in older Windows versions until it was patched this week.

Microsoft Changing Detection of Adware and Browser Modifiers

Threatpost for B2B - Fri, 10/17/2014 - 13:06
One of the not-so-great side effects of the transition to virtually everything being done in the Web browser now is that advertisers, attackers and scammers constantly are trying to get their code to run in users’ browsers, any way they can. A lot of this is done through extensions and browser objects, some of which […]

APTs Target Victims with Precision, Ephemeral Malvertising

Threatpost for B2B - Fri, 10/17/2014 - 12:33
A new precisely targeted and fleeting form of malvertising is being deployed by APT groups to target organizations in the U.S. defense industrial base.
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